Understanding Ohio Birth Injuries: Causes, Legal Rights, and Support

Childbirth should be a joyous occasion, but unfortunately, birth injuries can occur, leaving families facing unexpected challenges. In Ohio, families affected by birth injuries often grapple with the emotional, physical, and financial impact of these events. This article delves into the intricacies of birth injuries in Ohio, covering their causes, legal aspects, and available support for affected families.

What is a Birth Injury?

A birth injury refers to any harm caused to an infant during labor and delivery. These injuries can range from minor to severe and may have lifelong consequences for the child and their family. Birth injuries can result from various factors, including medical negligence, complications during labor, or unforeseen circumstances.

Common Causes of Birth Injuries

Birth injuries can arise due to several factors, including:

  1. Medical Negligence: Errors or misjudgments by healthcare providers during pregnancy, labor, or delivery can lead to birth injuries. This could include improper use of forceps, failure to monitor fetal distress or delayed emergency interventions.
  2. Prolonged Labor: When labor lasts longer than usual (dystocia), it can increase the risk of birth injuries such as oxygen deprivation or trauma during delivery.
  3. Fetal Positioning: Abnormal fetal positioning, particularly breech or transverse presentations, can complicate delivery and increase the risk of cerebral palsy at birth injuries.
  4. Large Birth Weight: Macrosomic infants (overly large babies) can be more challenging to deliver, increasing the likelihood of birth injuries.
  5. Maternal Health Issues: Conditions like gestational diabetes or preeclampsia can impact fetal health and increase the risk of birth complications.

Types of Birth Injuries

Some common types of birth injuries include:

  1. Brachial Plexus Injuries: Damage to the network of nerves controlling the arm and hand, often caused by shoulder dystocia during birth.
  2. Cerebral Palsy: A group of disorders affecting movement and muscle coordination, often caused by brain damage before, during, or shortly after birth.
  3. Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE): Brain injury caused by oxygen deprivation during birth, leading to cognitive and developmental issues.
  4. Bone Fractures: Fractures of the collarbone or other bones due to difficult deliveries.
  5. Facial Nerve Injuries: Damage to facial nerves during delivery, leading to facial paralysis.

Legal Rights and Considerations in Ohio

If a birth injury occurs due to medical negligence or malpractice, families in Ohio have legal rights to seek compensation. Legal considerations for birth injury cases in Ohio include:

  1. Statute of Limitations: Ohio has a statute of limitations for medical malpractice claims, typically requiring lawsuits to be filed within one year from the date of injury or discovery of the injury.
  2. Burden of Proof: The plaintiff (injured party) must prove that the healthcare provider’s actions fell below the accepted standard of care, directly causing the strokes in newborns.
  3. Expert Testimony: Expert medical witnesses are often required to testify about the standard of care and how it was breached.
  4. Caps on Damages: Ohio places limits on the amount of compensation (damages) that can be awarded in medical malpractice cases, including birth injury claims.
  5. Comparative Negligence: Ohio follows comparative negligence rules, which means damages can be reduced if the plaintiff is found partially at fault for the injury.

Support for Families Affected by Birth Injuries

Dealing with a birth injury can be overwhelming for families. In Ohio, various resources and support systems are available:

  1. Medical and Therapeutic Services: Access to specialized medical care, therapies (physical, occupational, speech), and early intervention programs for affected children.
  2. Support Groups: Local and online support groups connect families facing similar challenges, providing emotional support and practical advice.
  3. Legal Assistance: Consulting with experienced birth injury attorneys who understand Ohio’s laws and can guide families through the legal process.
  4. Financial Aid: Some organizations offer financial assistance or grants to families dealing with birth injuries to help with medical expenses and other costs.
  5. Educational Advocacy: Services that assist families in navigating educational programs and resources available for children with special needs.

Why Choose the Eisen Law Firm?

  1. Expertise and Experience: Our attorneys have extensive experience in handling complex birth injury cases. We understand the medical and legal nuances involved in proving medical malpractice and securing compensation for birth injuries.
  2. Compassionate Representation: We approach each case with compassion and empathy, recognizing the emotional toll that birth injuries can have on families. We prioritize the well-being of our clients and strive to provide personalized attention and support.
  3. Proven Track Record: The Eisen Law Firm has a track record of success in obtaining substantial settlements and verdicts for our clients in birth injury cases. We are committed to achieving the best possible outcome for every family we represent.
  4. Resources and Network: We have access to a network of medical experts, investigators, and resources necessary to build strong cases against negligent healthcare providers. We leave no stone unturned in pursuing justice for our clients.

Our Approach to Birth Injury Claims

When you choose The Eisen Law Firm to represent you in a birth injury claim, we will:

  • Conduct a Thorough Investigation: We will investigate the circumstances surrounding the birth injury, gather medical records, and consult with experts to establish liability and damages.
  • Advocate for Maximum Compensation: We will aggressively pursue maximum compensation for medical expenses, future care costs, pain and suffering, and other damages related to the birth injury.
  • Provide Personalized Guidance: We will keep you informed and involved throughout the legal process, providing clear explanations and guidance to help you make informed decisions about your case.
  • Handle Communication and Negotiations: Our attorneys will handle all communication with insurance companies and legal adversaries, striving to negotiate fair settlements while preparing for trial if necessary.

Contact Us for a Free Consultation

If your child has suffered a birth injury due to medical negligence in Ohio, The Eisen Law Firm is here to help. We offer free, no-obligation consultations to discuss your case and assess your legal options. You don’t have to face this challenging situation alone.

Contact us today to schedule a consultation with one of our knowledgeable Ohio birth injury attorneys. Let us advocate for justice and compensation on behalf of your child and family. At The Eisen Law Firm, we are committed to fighting for the rights of those affected by birth injuries and holding negligent parties accountable.


Birth injuries can have profound and lasting effects on families in Ohio. Understanding the causes, legal rights, and available support is crucial for affected families seeking justice and navigating the challenges associated with birth injuries. By raising awareness and accessing resources, families can better cope with the complexities of birth injury cases and provide the best care and support for their children.